Transportul în lumeAustralia şi Oceania


Topic: Melbourne

9 posts, 7493 views
Melbourne bercenicity

Melbourne, ce mai intinsa retea de tramvai din lume:


Re: Melbourne Dominatrix

Cea mai intinsa retea de tramvai din lume (circa 249 km cale dubla) urmare a demontarii a unei parti importante din reteaua de tramvai din Sankt Petersburg, in special in ultimii 10 ani.

Un site excelent cu prezentarea sistemului de tramvai dela Melbourne, aici:

Cateva aspecte interesante ale retelei de tramvai din Melbourne:

-peste 70% retea clasica, neseparata de trafic, deservita de 8 depouri.

-exploatarea este asigurata de un operator privat.

-toate tramvaiele sunt bidirectionale, neexistand bucle de intoarcere la capete.

-Cel mai mare "muzeu" in aer liber al tramvaielor din lume: in atelierele centrale de acolo (Newport Workshops), adica URAC'ul local, sunt tinute in conservare peste 150 de vagoane vechi din clasa W (si sub-clasa SW).

-inca exista in circulatie vagoane vechi fabricate la inceputul anilor '40, unele din ele avand dotari "moderne", inclusiv pantografe Schunk :lol:
Din cate stiu eu, numai la Milano mai sunt in circulatie tramvaie atat de vechi ("vestitele" tramvaie model Peter Witt).

-vagoanele vechi retrase din uz (W si SW) sunt declarate MONUMENTE ISTORICE, deci NU POT FI CASATE. Sunt tinute in conservare sau vandute la alte muzee.

-reteaua contine singura intersectie Grand Union din emisfera sudica, care este si ea decalarata "monument istoric" si nu poate fi desfiintata sau refacuta in alta configuratie. Mai multe detalii aici:

- traseul 96 a fost votat de National Geographic in "Top 10" al celor mai frumoase trasee de tramvai din lume.


Re: Melbourne orex

Sunt si la antipozi, in afara de aceste fapte, relevante de altfel, cu referire la constructii edilitare, o gramada ce ”comicarii” in legatura cu cetateanul de rand, care sa-ti provoace repugna!! Sper ca, in curand, sa afli si tu ce mi-a fost dat sa aud, deunazi (chiar ieri), de la un cetatean australian de peste 10 ani, recte fratele meu! Anumite perspective o sa te/va mire, chiar inspaimante! Astept sa ni se aflileze si sa vezi in ce masura au AIA grija de cetateni, dincolo de fatada afisata. O sa ramai/ramaneti trasnit/i!


Re: Melbourne PTMZ

The city’s tram fleet is ageing and desperately needs an overhaul, Melbourne’s tram operator has warned the Andrews government, while the push to ramp up services is making it difficult to properly maintain the network’s 500 trams.

A confidential document released to The Age under freedom-of-information laws reveals deep concerns about the company’s capacity to deliver increased tram services without a major injection of new, low-floor trams over the next decade.
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The document, titled “MR4 - Franchise Rolling Stock Strategic Plan’, was prepared by Keilos Downer - the company that owns Melbourne’s tram operator, Yarra Trams - as part of its bid for a seven-year contract to run Melbourne’s tram network, estimated to cost $2.7 billion.

It has been withheld by the government since late 2018, but has now been released following a review by the Office of the Victorian Commissioner, who found it should be made public.

The document, which a government spokeswoman has described as “historical”, reveals that Keilos Downer warned in 2017 of “considerable” risks to safety and service delivery in continuing to operate the network’s older trams.

By the end of Keilos’ current contract with the government in 2024, all rolling stock more than 20 years old would have exceeded their use-by dates. In 2016, 40 per cent of the fleet had already exceeded its design life.

While 100 new E-class trams have been purchased - 30 more than anticipated by Keilos in 2017 - most of Melbourne’s trams are still 40 to 50-years-old, and the bulk are not wheelchair-accessible.

About 60 per cent of Melbourne’s low-floor tram fleet was built in the 1970s and ’80s. Nearly 400 of the 510 trams currently in service - about 78 per cent - were built more than 20 years ago.

“The challenges and risks of continuing to operate the older trams of this fleet are considerable,” Keilos warned in 2017.

“These trams were not built to modern standards and cannot meet the more stringent modern performance requirements for safety, reliability, availability, and driver and passenger amenities levels.”
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The sharp reduction in fleet size due to the retirement of Z1 and Z2-class trams during 2015-16 put a major strain on tram availability and this would not be sustainable in future years, Keilos said.

“It is predicted that Keolis Downer will only reach the minimum fleet size to run the current timetable by December 2017 ... this minimum number of trams will be insufficient to meet the demands of an expanded MTT [Master Timetable].”

The lack of available trams has made it difficult to keep up with the maintenance task, risking “increasing breakdowns and service disruptions”, the company warned.

“The overall fleet performance due to a lack of investment has started to drop ... the solution is adding to the fleet and reducing the number of trams out of service due to maintenance”.

The government set aside $1.48 billion in last year’s budget for the new ‘Next Generation Trams’, planned to roll out from 2025, which will enable the retirement of older high-floor trams. The tram designs and detail about how and where the trams would be built have not yet been released.

Keilos warned in 2017 of a host of challenges facing the tram network over the next decade, including the risk to network disruptions caused by major public transport projects, industrial relation tensions and an upward trend in passenger falls.

The 89-page document - in which the company’s expected maintenance and operational costs have been redacted - warned the network was already struggling with long turn-around times for collision repairs, poor wash services and an inconsistent rollout of new rolling stock.

An ageing workforce posed major challenges, Keilos warned, with nearly 30 per cent of engineers and officers with specific knowledge about the tram network expected to retire over the next 10 years, the documents show.

Plans for 18 new apprentices to join the company may not adequately make up for the “drain on skills”, the company said.

In a bid to secure the multibillion-dollar works with the government, Keilos pledged to roll out a beefed-up maintenance scheme, promising a 16-hour, seven-day maintenance model that would see two rapid-response crews based at strategic CBD locations and Malvern and Preston depots to immediately respond to problems, the documents show.

A Yarra Trams spokesman said since the 2017 rolling stock strategy was developed it had made significant improvements. “The A and Z-class life extension project is also under way, with an initial investment from the state government of $26 million to make major upgrades to the longest serving trams on the network.”

But Rail, Tram and Bus Union branch secretary Luba Grigorovitch said there has been a “steady increase” in the number of trams pulled out of service for maintenance over the past decade, making it difficult to run all timetabled services.

“In extreme or inclement weather, reliability of older trams is diminished with more trams out of service. While this often puts more pressure on maintenance crews, drivers are also pushed to meet unattainable KPIs,” Ms Grigorovitch said.

The current tram franchise agreement started on November 30, 2017 and winds up in 2024, with the option of a three-year extension. It marked a 63 per cent increase in funding to Keilos compared with the previous contract.

After securing the deal, Keilos publicly promised improved digital information, more frontline employees providing passenger assistance and ramped up maintenance projects.

The government said it imposed higher standards on infrastructure maintenance, and took up the right to conduct ‘spot audits’ to ensure the public assets were being properly managed.

A government spokeswoman said the Keilos document was “historical” and argued the government was making “Victoria’s biggest ever investment in new tram rolling stock”.

“These modern, accessible trams will progressively replace our older, high-floor trams when they are rolled out in 2025 and support almost 1900 jobs in local manufacturing, the associated supply chain and wider economy,” she said.

These trams would have modern heating and cooling, improved accessibility with easy access for passengers with wheelchairs or mobility aids, and a more efficient design with on-board energy storage to limit current draw at peak times and reduce power use, the spokeswoman said. A manufacturer would be chosen through a procurement process.

Since 2015, the Andrews government has invested more than $700 million in 50 new E-Class trams, with a total of 100 trams set to be operational by the end of the year.

The Age’s request to release the internal document in late 2018 was rejected by the government after the company deemed it “highly sensitive”. The Office of the Victorian Commissioner advised that it be made public following a review late last year.

Sursa: The Age


Re: Melbourne PTMZ

The busiest Melbourne tram corridor will enter significant upgrades while a trial gets underway to expand the RideSpace initiative, a free online tool that inform passengers on how busy the train trip is and provides travel alternatives.

Until mid-July, the popular Federation Square/Flinders Street Station stop on St Kilda Road will undergo upgrades including a larger platform, improved disability access and new shelters, to reduce overcrowding and improve passenger flow between Flinders Street Station and the stop.

The works cover the replacement of 600 metres of tracks on Swanston Street and St Kilda Road as part of the upgrade, providing a safety boost for passengers, quieter infrastructure, and a reduced risk of derailments.

“This stretch from Southbank Boulevard through to Melbourne University is the busiest tram corridor in the world. These improvements will create a better travel experience for both commuters and people visiting some of Melbourne’s most popular attractions like Federation Square and the arts precinct,” Minister for Roads and Road Safety Ben Carroll said.

As more passengers return to the network, the real-time arrival and passenger capacity indicator RideSpace is being trialed on tram route 59 which travels between Essendon and the city. Over the coming months, this tram trial will assess passenger counting technology and data accuracy before being rolled out to passengers.

The St Kilda Road upgrade is part of the Victorian Government’s maintenance and renewal program, which delivered AUD 640 million (USD 48.45 million) of works across the Melbourne public transport network this financial year, improving reliability and passenger experience.

The St Kilda Road business precinct and Shrine of Remembrance will be accessed by the new Metro Tunnel project’s Anzac Station when it opens in 2025. The new station is strategically located to ease pressure on the St Kilda Road/Swanston Street tram corridor and will include an interchange with a tram super stop on St Kilda Road.

The 250 km-long Melbourne tram network served by 1,700 stops and nine depots is operated by more than 450 vehicles providing more than 5,000 daily ensuring over 200 million trips each year.

Sursa: Railway Pro


Re: Melbourne PTMZ

Victoria’s Department of Transport (DoT) and Alstom signed a EUR 300 million contract for the supply of 25 six-car X’trapolis trains for Melbourne’s suburban rail network.

An interior mock-up for stakeholder consultation is planned for next year, with manufacturing due to commence by the end of 2022.

The train order follows the budget support announced in May 2021 when the Victorian Government committed AUD 986 million (USD 713.96 million) funding to acquire the new train fleet.

The contract follows an extensive two-year interactive design process with the DoT to design and engineer a rolling stock solution specifically compatible with Melbourne’s unique existing rail infrastructure.

This new generation X’trapolis trains will deliver a much-needed network capacity increase without the need for major, costly infrastructure and power supply upgrades. The new trains will be more accessible, reliable and energy efficient.

The trains will be designed and built in Victoria, and under the contract, the project includes at least 60% local content that will boost the state’s advanced rolling stock manufacturing industry, securing the future of Alstom’s Ballarat manufacturing facility, and pave the way for new, long-term employment opportunities in the rail industry, including multiple trainee and apprenticeship positions.

The trains capitalises on key elements of the existing X’trapolis trains, which enabled it to become the most reliable fleet on the Melbourne network. The proposed new design enhances the existing elements with the latest service-proven technologies. The new train’s capacity will exceed 1,240 passengers and will be built to the latest International and Australian standards, with an increased focus on accessibility and efficiency.

The delivery of the new trains will support the gradual retirement of the Comeng fleet, the longest-running trains on the network, with the new trains set to run through some of Melbourne’s fastest-growing suburbs along the Craigieburn, Upfield and Frankston lines.

The trains will join the existing Alstom’s 106 X’trapolis suburban tain fleet and 88 Vlocity regional trains.

Sursa: Railway PRO


Re: Melbourne PTMZ

Alstom has delivered the 100th, and final Flexity light rail vehicle to the Department of Transport in Victoria which will enter operation on Melbourne tram network. The E-class tram was rolled out from Yarra’s Southbank depot on 1st October.

The trams were locally manufactured at Alstom’s Dandenong rolling stock facility including more than 50% local content, supporting around 75 employees and a thriving ecosystem of local suppliers in Victoria.

Alstom designed the vehicles to meet the specific characteristics of the Melbourne tram network, including increased accessibility.

In 2010 Department of Transport in Victoria awarded Bombardier Transportation, now part of Alstom Group, a contract worth AUD 303 million (USD 218.75 million, in 2021 prices) for the supply of 50 Flexity Swift low floor trams including the delivery of maintenance equipment and maintenance of the trams until 2017. The contract includes an option for 100 additional trams.

Between 2015 and 2019, the department ordered additional 20, 10, 10 and 10 vehicles proving the performance, quality and accessibility credentials of the platform.

Alstom’s LRV fleet in Victoria also includes 41 Citadis X02 LRVs, taking the total number of vehicles operating on the network to 141.

“This is a significant milestone for our operations in Victoria and I would like to thank and congratulate our team and all the local suppliers who have worked tirelessly to make this happen,” Alstom’s Managing Director, Australia and New Zealand, Mark Coxon said.

The tram is based on the low-floor Flexity light rail vehicle platform, which is the largest fleet of modern low-floor trams operating on the Melbourne tram network. The fleet is approximately one fifth of the network’s overall fleet.

Melbourne has the world’s largest operational tram network, spanning over 250 km of double track served by 1,700 tram stops, including 420+ that are accessible and 9 depots across Melbourne. Yarra Trams is currently constructing a new maintenance facility designed for this new tram fleet. The network is operated by a total tram fleet of more than 475 vehicles which ensure over 200 million trips annually.

Sursa: Railway PRO


Re: Melbourne PTMZ

Victoria’s Government has announced a AUD 9.3 billion (USD 6.58 billion) new funding to support major construction works for the Melbourne Suburban Rail Loop (SRL) East which are scheduled to start next year.

“The Suburban Rail Loop is not just a rail line – it delivers opportunities for Victorians to live close to work, more access to education and services and supports thousands of new jobs at a time our state needs them most,” Premier of Victoria Daniel Andrews said.

The project covers the construction of a 26 km long twin tunnel and six underground stations between Cheltenham and Box Hill. The section will provide transport connection on the Gippsland corridor offering increased access to health, education and retail destinations in Melbourne’s east and south east region.

The announcement provides certainty for project delivery and communities in the region, paving the way for procurement of main works packages to start next year.

In November 2020, the government provided AUD 2.5 billion for planning and development of the Suburban Rail Loop and for initial and early works on SRL East.

The contract for this first phase of works which will create up to 800 early direct jobs, has been awarded to Laing O’Rourke, which has agreed to exceed workforce and local content targets. The works include preparing sites for the launch of tunnel boring machines, moving and protecting underground services, ground improvement, geotechnical investigations and roads modifications.

The commuters in the south east region of Melbourne will experience much faster journeys on the underground line, saving up to an hour on a one-way trip. Trains will take 3-4 minutes between stations, and a journey from Cheltenham to Box Hill will be just 22 minutes.

The Eastern section of the Suburban Rail Loop is expected to enter operation in 2035 transforming Melbourne’s public transport network and better connecting people to jobs, health, education, retail opportunities and each other.

Fast, efficient, high-tech trains powered by renewables will provide a turn up and go service carrying around 70,000 passengers a day.

The business investment case of the SRL East and SRL North shows that these two projects will deliver AUD 58.7 billion (USD 41.5 billion) in economic, social and environmental benefits, and will support up to 24,000 local jobs.

Melbourne Suburban Rail Loop involves the construction of a 90 km long railway line comprising three sections: SRL East, SRL North and SRL West. It will link all the regional and suburban railway lines.

Sursa: Railway PRO


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