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Topic: Londra: diverse discutii

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  • Author: Tom
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Re: Londra: diverse discutii Tom

Astăzi se împlinesc 40 de ani de la accidentul de la Moorgate. Din tot ce am citit despre acest accident, este foarte plauzibilă ipoteza în care mecanicul a suferit un atac cerebral subit urmat de paralizie. Este cam sinistru dacă a mai fost conștient să vadă până la sfârșit cum se lovește de zid.

 


  • Author: WT_fan06
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  • Author: punmeister
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Re: Londra: diverse discutii punmeister

Cum topicul asta e inchis, postez aici.

Siemens va livra noile trenuri pentru metroul din Londra[/b:1kw4rfvo]





Transport for London (TfL) a acordat companiei Siemens Mobility Limited un contract in valoare de 1,5 miliarde de lire (1,7 miliarde de euro) pentru livrarea a 94 de trenuri de metrou de ultima generatia care vor inlocui intregul parc de vehicule de pe linia Piccadilly, fabricate in anii 70. Desi aceasta comanda este pentru un numar initial de 94 de trenuri, contractorul doreste sa angajeze un singur producator care sa construiasca trenurile pentru toate cele patru linii ale Programului Deep Tube (Piccadilly, Central, Waterloo & City si Bakerloo). Designul unic al trenurilor ii va permite operatorului TfL sa reduca la maxim costurilor, standardizand circulatia trenurilor, instruirea personalului, echipamentele, piesele de schimb si intretinerea.

Trenurile vor avea elemente de design noi care vor creste semnificativ confortul calatorilor. Fiecare tren nou va fi cu sase metri mai lung decat actualele trenuri de pe linia Piccadilly. Vehiculele vor avea vagoane deschise, dotate cu aer conditionat si accesibilitate imbunatatita si vor fi proiectate special pentru a optimiza limitele de spatiu din tunelurile inguste ale Deep Tube. Clientii vor beneficia si de sistem de informare la bordul vehiculelor care ii vor ajuta sa isi planifice mai usor restul calatoriei.

Incepand cu 2023, noile trenuri Inspiro vor fi livrate pe Linia Piccadilly si vor permite operarea a 27 de trenuri pe ora la orele de varf pana la sfarsitul lui 2026, de la nivelul actual al serviciului de 24 de trenuri pe ora. Toate acestea, combinate cu modernizarea sistemului de semnalizare si achizitia de trenuri suplimentare, vor contribui la cresterea capacitatii de transport la orele de varf pe sectiunile centrale aglomerate ale liniei Piccadilly cu 50% pana la sfarsitul anilor 2020 si se vor concretiza intr-un numar suplimetar de 21.000 de calatori transportati pe ora in perioadele de varf.

Adjudecarea acestui contract ii va permite companiei Siemens Mobility Limited sa isi duca la bun sfarsit planul de a construi o noua fabrica in Goole, East Yorkshire, pentru fabricarea si darea in exploatare a trenurilor. Dupa finalizarea acesteia, TfL si Siemens vor cauta o solutie pentru ca un numar cat mai mare de trenuri pentru Linia Piccadilly sa fie construite in aceasta fabrica. Aprox. 700 de persoane specializate in inginerie si productie vor lucra in aceasta fabrica, la care se adauga 250 de persoane angajate in faza de constructie a fabricii. Prin urmare, aprox. 1.700 de locuri de munca indirecte vor fi create in cadrul lantului de furnizare britanic.

Aceasta este prima comanda din cadrul Programului de Modernizare Deep Tube care are ca scop inlocuirea materialului rulant cu durata de viata expirata, precum si a sistemelor de semnalizare si control necorespunzatoare de-a lungul celor patru linii de metrou. In total, programul de modernizare va contribui la cresterea cu 36% a capacitatii celor patru linii pana in 2035. In prezent, cele patru linii ale Deep Tube reprezinta o treime a retelei de metrou, transportand aprox. doua milioane de calatori pe zi pe coridoare cheie care leaga orasul de West End, Kink’s Cross si Aeroportul Heathrow.

 


  • Author: macheta218
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  • Author: macheta218
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  • Author: PTMZ
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Re: Londra: diverse discutii PTMZ

The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, the Secretary of State for Transport, Grant Shapps and London’s Transport Commissioner, Andy Byford, together with other officials, have opened the 3 km Northern Line extension, served by Nine Elms and Battersea Power Tube stations.

“After years of hard work, I’m delighted that we’re able to open the Northern Line extension and it was great to have the chance to travel on one of the first trains between Nine Elms and Battersea Power Station. This extension will hugely improve the links between these vibrant, growing south London neighbourhoods and the rest of the capital,” Sadiq Khan said.

The major construction on the 3 km twin-tunnel railway between Kennington and Battersea Power station, via Nine Elms, began in 2015. Despite the challenges of the pandemic, the construction project stayed on track for an autumn opening.

The Northern Line extension is the first major Tube extension this century and is supporting around 25,000 new jobs and more than 20,000 new homes. In addition, construction of the extension boosted the UK economy and supported around 1,000 jobs, including 79 apprenticeships.

Both new stations, which have been constructed primarily from stone, concrete, stainless steel and glass, use double-height ceilings to create large airy spaces.

The new Tube station at Nine Elms has a very visible presence on Wandsworth Road, serving developments including the US Embassy and the re-developed New Covent Garden Market, as well as existing communities. The station has been designed so that 479 new much-needed rental homes, 40 per cent of which will be affordable, can be delivered above and around it.

The new station at Battersea, which sits in the shadow of Gilbert Scott’s Power Station and includes a gold-painted geometric roof with a giant skylight, opens onto Battersea Park Road and will hold a prominent position within Prospect Park when this new community space opens next year. Art on the Underground’s major new permanent artwork by London-based Brazilian artist Alexandre da Cunha – titled ‘Sunset, Sunrise, Sunset’ – stretches to a total of over 150m in length inside the ticket hall of the new station, which at 2,225m², could fit 80 electric double decker buses side-by-side.

Transport for London (TfL) has delivered the Northern Line extension GBP 160 million (EUR 186.55 million) under budget, bringing its estimated final total cost to GBP 1.1 billion (EUR 1.28 billion), despite the cost pressures brought about by the pandemic. The spending authority budget was increased to GBP 1.26 billion (EUR 1.47 billion) in January 2016, but TfL has managed through strong collaboration with suppliers to ensure the project provides value for money.

A peak-time service of six trains per hour operates on the extension and it is expected to increase to 12 trains per hour by mid-2022 as more people move into new housing in the area and the demand increases. There are five trains per hour during off-peak times, with this set to double to 10 trains per hour next year.

The opening of the extension comes ahead of the Elizabeth line which will be launched in 2022.

Sursa: Railway PRO

 


  • Author: PTMZ
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Re: Londra: diverse discutii PTMZ

Trail operations on the Elisabeth Line started on November 20, marking the final step before passenger services can commence between Paddington and Abbey Wood in the first half of 2022.

The trials involve operational exercises to ensure the safety and reliability of the railway for public use and to fully test the timetables. More than 150 scenarios will be carried out over the coming months to ensure the readiness of the railway for passenger service. These include exercises to make sure that all systems and procedures work effectively and staff can respond to any incidents, including customers being unwell or signal failures.

“We are delighted to have reached the next key stage in delivery of the Elizabeth Line with the start of trial operations. It will take several months to complete this final phase. This is an immensely complex railway and we must be able to demonstrate the highest levels of reliability,” Mark Wild, Crossrail Chief Executive, said.

In the new year, a series of more complex exercises will include evacuations of trains and stations using thousands of staff. The final step will see a period of ‘shadow running’, operating timetabled services ahead of the Elizabeth Line opening.




It will take several months to complete this final complicated phase. The Elizabeth Line is an immensely complex railway and trial operations will continue until it is clear that it can operate at the highest levels of safety and reliability before the start of passenger services. Only then will a specific opening date for the railway be announced.

The trial operations will also see a number of organisations, including London Underground and Transport for London, MTR Elizabeth Line, Network Rail and the emergency services all working together to respond to the trial scenarios.

Further software adjustments to the train and signalling and tunnel ventilation system will take place in December and over the Christmas period.

“Reaching the start of trial operations is a significant milestone in the delivery of the Elizabeth Line, and it’s really exciting to be moving into this phase. The next few months are crucial to making sure the railway can open safely next year, and everyone is working incredibly hard to reach that goal,” The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan said.

The Elizabeth line will serve London and the South East, running from Reading and Heathrow in the west, through 42 km of new tunnels under central London to Shenfield and Abbey Wood in the east. From end to end the line will stretch over 100 km. The line, which will be served by 41 stations of which 10 new stations will increase central London rail capacity by 10 per cent. An estimated 200 million annual passengers will use the Elizabeth Line.

Sursa: Railway PRO

 


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